Trademark Registration Online in India - An Overview
A trademark can be defined as the unique identity that makes your product or service stand out from the rest. The unique identity or expression can be a logo, photograph, slogan, word, sound, smell, colour combination or graphics. Most of the businesses usually look for registration of logo or name only. If you have come up with a unique idea or logo, then the only way to protect it as your own unique identity is to register it as a trademark. A registered trademark is your business’s intellectual property or intangible asset. It acts as a protective cover of the company’s investment made in the logo or brand.
In India, trademarks are registered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Government Of India. You can register the trademark under the act named, The Trademark Act, 1999. The registration provides the right to sue against others who try to copy your trademark. Also, no one else can use a similar trademark to the one registered by another person. Once you register a trademark, you can use an R symbol along with it, and it will be valid till 10 years from the date of registration. You can easily get a ™ within 3 days. But, to get an ®, it takes up to 2 years. In case the trademark registration is nearing expiry date, you can always get it re-registered for another ten years.
What can you Trademark? Who can all apply for Trademark?
According to the trademark rules of India, items like sound, logo, words, phrases, colours, images, symbols, initials or a combination of all these can be trademarked. All of these should be made use to make your business stand out from the rest.
A trademark application can be done by private firms, individuals, companies, LLP’s, or NGO’s. In the case of NGOs, LLP’s or companies, the trademark has to be applied for registration in the name of the concerned business.
Why is Trademark Registration important in India?
A Great Business Opportunity
A product or service being sold under a registered trademark helps in building up trust, reliability, quality, and goodwill in the minds of customers. It offers you a unique identity when compared to other sellers especially when you sell it on online platforms like Amazon, Flipkart, etc.
A Legal Protection
In case you doubt that your trademark is being copied by anyone else, you can take up the issue legally and sue them if you have registered your logo, brand name or slogan.
Get Your Unique Identity
Customers will identify a particular product or service only with the brand. Registering a trademark ensures that competitors will not use it and hence it remains as a company’s unique asset.
The trademark can be a valuable asset in case your brand creates a name and succeeds. It can be commercially contracted, sold and franchised.
Global Filing Of Trademark
A trademark which is registered and filed in India can also be filed in other countries outside India. Likewise, foreigners can also get a trademark registered in India.
How we help with Trademark Registration? A detailed Trademark application filing process
We help in your trademark search by conducting the search using trademark(™) director. We also conduct a detailed check on the trademark logo and brand name that you had selected to ensure that it is not yet registered under anybody else’s name. The trademark can be registered once it is found to be unique. In case your logo or brand name is already registered by someone else, we help you find ways to modify it so that your registration does not get cancelled.
While applying for registration, you need to apply it under the right classification of classes. We help you choose the right class under which you need to register. The trademark offers you the right to sell under a particular brand name within a certain sector in the economy. In total, there are about 45 sectors and each sector is named as a class. Goods and services are classified into 45 different classes by the Trademark Registry. Every logo or brand name has to be registered under the appropriate class. For example, the Class 28 includes products and services related to games, sports and toys. Hence, if you are planning to launch a new toy brand, you will have to apply under the Class 28.
Preparing The Application
After we ensure that your brand name or logo is unique and can be registered, we proceed with the application by preparing the authorization letter first. This gives us the right to make the trademark registration on your behalf. You can sign the letter and return it back to us. We further help you fill out the form and keep updating you about the proceedings until the registration process is complete.
Documents needed for Trademark Registration
An authorization letter that is duly signed by you allows us to file for trademark registration on behalf of you. After receiving the authorization letter, we start with the preparation of your documents, file the application online and also pay for it. Soon, you receive the confirmation of the application, and you will get the right to use the ™ symbol.
While filing for the trademark registration, the documents you need to provide are as follows:
Identity And Business Proofs
The trademark owner or the person who is authorized by the trademark owner needs to submit their identity proof. It can be your Aadhar card, driving license, passport, ration card or voter’s id.
Using Logo With Tagline
If a trademark application is made for a tagline with only words there is no need of a logo. In cases where a logo is used, then it should be submitted in black and white format. The number of words in the logo should exactly be the same as mentioned in the application for a trademark.
On behalf of you, an attorney is authorized to file for the trademark application with the Trademark registrar. The trademark user affidavit should be submitted in case a claim for the previous trademark was made in the application.
Important things know about the online Trademark Registration Process
Nowadays, with the advent of technological advancements, a trademark registration can be easily made online. You can get the help of a registered Trademark attorney to file online without taking an effort to visit the registry office.
the Vienna Codification Process
In the trademark process, Vienna codification is a crucial step. It is an international classification which is given once you fill the application form. At this point, your application for registration will be denoted as - “Sent for Vienna codification.”
The Examination Of Trademark
After the trademark application is given for Vienna classification, the trademark will be examined by the Trademark officer in accordance with certain guidelines and procedures. The officer might accept or reject the application as per his/her discretion.
Hearing Before Trademark Register/officer
If the trademark application is rejected, the applicant can go for a for a hearing. If the officer can be convinced with the provided documents then the application will be passed. If the officer is not convinced, once again the application gets rejected. If he is not fully convinced about the reason for rejection, then theIntellectual Property Appellate Board can be contacted.
Trademark symbols and their usages
Once a trademark is registered, then the applicant can start using the ® symbol to signify that the trademark is registered and protected from infringement under the Trademark laws.
The ™ symbol is for unregistered trademarks for which the application has been filed. The TM symbol is thus used to indicate that a trademark application exists with respect to the trademark.
The ‘SM’ or Service Mark symbol is used for the service industry, specifically for service mark applications The SM symbol is used for applications that are filed under class 35-45.